Ji’ronah Mosque: another historical site

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We arrived at Ji’ronah Mosque which was located at an oasis between Mecca and Thaif. Measurably smaller than the Dhul Hulaifah Mosque or Aishah Mosque, the Ji’ronah Mosque is getting smaller due to the long ladies queue in front of women’s toilet. The queue in the male toilet is quite similar, somehow most of them only performing ablution or urinate; as for the ihram they do it in the inner part of mosque.

The white mosque was used by the prophet as a place to distribute the spoils of Battle of Al-Hawazin. Women and men’s prayer room are separated as both toilet located far apart to avoid the presence of the ikhtilat or the mix of men and women who are not mahram (have family relationship such as father, uncle, brother, son, daughter, sister, aunt, and mother).

Out of the mosque, we could find reddish pedals sell various products such as gamis (men’s clothing), abaya (women’s clothing), hijab (veil), dates and beans, as well as ornaments and souvenirs. Do not forget African women who peddle bottled mineral water as an alternative to ablution in such a solid toilet. When we are lucky we can watch the free attraction of the bedouin youths with their motorcycle or African boy screaming and throwing huge beams into space. Of course both attractions are dangerous and can be classified into extreme sport.

The inner part of the mosque resembles the interior of the Floating Mosque in Jeddah complete with its green carpets. What makes unpleasant athmosphere are the large number of people who wear ihram there make praying quite difficult. Actually the Indian cleaning service whose Indonesian language is so eloquent has arranged for the muhrimin (people who wear ihram cloths) not to use the front shaf (line) to change clothes but their efforts in vain.

In the month of Ramadhan year 8 Hijriyah, the prophet and 10,000 companions succeeded in conquering Mecca and clearing the Ka’ba from idols. The Prophet also gave general amnesty to the inhabitants of Mecca except a few prisoners such as Abdul Uzza bin Khattal who was sentenced to death. There is no devastation, robbery, slaughter, or burning in an event known as Fathul Makkah until the inhabitants of the city are submit to Islam.

There was not enough time to rejoice, especially for the Muhajirin who could return to their homeland and meet his relatives. A report came that the Tsaqif Tribe of Thaif and some other tribes were moving towards the Authas Valley between Mecca and Thaif. The prophet immediately prepared a large army of 10,000 companions plus 2000 newly convert Meccan. They move to the Hunain Valley near the Authas Valley.

Some companions proud of the huge number of them and certain that victory must be achieved. Qoddarullah (Allah pre-destinated), the pride was destroyed by the enemy’s ambush from the top of the hill. They fired on the moslem with arrows and pelted stones. Most of the companions ran apart except for some reknown people like Al-Abbas bin Abdul Muthollib, Abu Sufyan bin Al-Harith, the mujajirin, and the family of the Prophet. The Prophet called those who ran away and reminded that he is the True Messenger of Allah. The Companions realized their mistake and returned to his side. After that they counter attacked the enemy and route them. From this battle the Moslems got abundance spoils of 6,000 captives, 24,000 camels, more than 40,000 goats, and 4,000 uqiyah (units of scales like grams) of silver. The whole spoils of war were kept at Ji’ranah under Mas’ud ibn Amr.

The day after the battle that took place in Syawwal 8 Hijriyah, the messenger and his companions moved towards the city of Thaif and besieged it. It was so strong both Thaif’s defense wall and its guardians; that the siege took a long time. Historians differ in opinion about the length of the siege, either 15 days, 18 days, or up to 40 days.

In the siege the prophet permitted his companions to build a battering ram furnished by wet-animal hide. This machine has four wheels, walls, and roof while on the front is a solid beam used to break the gate. The crew got into the ‘tank’ and then pushed it toward the gate. After it closed to the enemy gate, the crew started swinging the solid block to break it.

The Thaif defenders did not remain silent watching their gates break in. At first they fired arrows but the walls and roof of the tanks proved too strong. Not lost their mind, they threw the tank with hot iron until the vehicle gradually burned. When the crew escaped they were shot at by arrows.

Although the siege has lasted long but no positive results for both parties. Both are equally insistent to win. So the prophet sent a messenger to offer general amnesty to the inhabitant; resulting 23 people surrender, one of whom would become a companion. That new companion went down the wall using a keratin called bakrah; thus the prophet called this Nafi ‘bin Masyruq as Abu Bakrah.

The prolonged of the siege made the prophet consult his companions; whether it goes ahead or abandoned. At first they were determined to continue the siege but because the result was unchanged eventually the prophet decided to return to Mecca. Before returning some of companions asked him to pray for the displeasure of the people of Thaif but in spite he prayed blessing for them. This is the second prayer of goodness for the people of Thaif (the first good deed of prayer occurred when the prophet was expelled by Thaif people).

Upon arrival at Ji’ronah, the Prophets distributed the spoils of war to the companions who participated in the Hunain War and the Siege of Thaif. At the same time came also a messenger from the Hawazin tribe who was fought the messenger with Banu Tsaqif. They asked for peace and submit to Islam thus tawheed entering Thaif and the surrounding tribes.

After distributing the war spoils and receiving the delegation of Hawazin, the prophet wore the ihram clothes from Ji’ronah than performing umra.

Some of the pilgrims asked why i did not participate in the Ji’ronah umra? I explained that Ji’ronah was miqot for the people of Mecca. As for those who are not residents of Mecca (it is said inhabitants if somebody live in Mecca at least for four days and four nights) then we were obliged to returned to the miqot that we passed. In this case the miqat we passed was Dhu al Hulaifah. Moreover, umra through Ji’ronah or Tan’im or Hudaibiyah (often called the second umra) is not obligatory.

Sometimes this law of miqot is not seriously learned by the pilgrims or even some travel); makes some of them consider the second umra must be done. Of course to say certain worship is wajib or mandatory must be based on a clear proposition. Similarly with the matter of miqat; places for miqat have been described clearly by the prophet through the hadith narated from Abdullah ibn Abbas. As those who love the prophet, our duty is to follow his example and not to against him.

اَنَّ النَّبِيَّ وَقَّتَ لِاَهْلِ اَلْمَدِينَةِ ذَا الْحُلَيْفَةِ وَ لِاَهْلِ اشَّامِ الْجُحْفَةَ وَ لِاْهلِ نَجْدِ قَرْنَ المَنَازِلِ وَ لِاَهلِ يَمَنِ يَلَمْلَمَ. وَ قَال: هُنَّ لَهُّنَ وَ لِمَنْ اَتَي عَلَيْهِنَ مِنْ غَيْرِ اَهْلِحِنَّ مِمَّنْ اَرَادَ الْحَجَّ وَ الْاُمْرَةً وَ مَنْ كَانَ دُونَ ذَلِكَ فَمِنْ حَيْثُ اَنْشَاَ حَتَّي اَهْلُ مَكَّةَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ

“The Prophet has appointed Dzul Hulaifah as the miqat of the people of Medina; Juhfah as the miqat for people of Syam (Syiria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Palestine); Qarnul Manazil as miqat of people of Nejd (the eastern part of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia); and Yalamlam as miqat of people of Yemen. And he said: those places as miqat for their people and for those from other countries who past it who want to perform hajj and umra. Whoever resides in the miqat, then he resigns from his place of residence, to the inhabitants of Mecca (perform the ihram from Mecca).”[1]

[1] [1] Shahih. Narrated by Al-Bukhari (no.1254) and Muslim (no. 1182).

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