Talbiyah (English Version)

talbiyah
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“Labayk Allahumma labayk. Labayka laa syariyka laka labayk. Innal hamda wa ni’mata laka wal mulk. Laa syariyka lak.” Talbiyah echoed in the ceiling of the bus because none of us were silent. Whether we pronounce it in a clear or vague voice, we all glorify the Lord of the Universe through the recitation of talbiyah, “I fill Your call, O God, I fill Your call. I fulfill Your call for no allies to You. Lo! All praise and pleasure are Yours. There is no partner to You.”

Talbiyah is one of the Shari’a law for anyone who goes to Baitullah to perform umra or hajj. Described in the hadith that narrated from Zaid bin Khalid al-Juhani, after the Messenger of Allah and His companions wore ihram cloths, he ordered everybody to chant the talbiyah. Loud voice (for men) and low voice (for women).

جَاءَنِي جِبْرِيلُ فَقَالَ: يَا مُحَمَّدُ! مُرْ أَصْحَابَكَ فَلْيَرْفَعُوْا أَصْوَاتَهُمْ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ شِعَارِ الحَجِّ

“Gabriel came to me and said:” O Muhammad! Instruct the Companions to raise their voices when perform talbiyah, because talbiyah is part of pilgrimage.””[1]

After talbiyah, I started a small chat related to umra. “Dear ladies and gentlemen, may Allah love you; all of us have pledged allegiance to God to fulfill His command. Whether you realized or not, in fact we welcome the call of God by chanting the labayk’s.” I paused as I watched whether the pilgrims were ready to hear.

Alhamdulillah they were ready to hear; because there is no point in talking with ignorant audience. “Labayk is a very polite answer, similiar to “Yes Your Majesty.” Some of Betawi (one of tribe in Indonesia) still using the term labayk when called by older people. When it comes to the elderly we must be courteous, and the highest courteous belong to the God who created, guarded, and feed us.”

One thing to remember, the main message within manasik is not how to perform hajj and umra as the prophet’s example. Indeed the way we perform hajj and umra is important; but without the knowledge of tawheed it will become useless. Why? Because without good understanding of tawheed people will ignored any messages of The Qur’an or hadith (the saying, act, and approvement from the prophet). One of his (the prophet) words according to hajj and umra is,

لِتَأْخُذُوْا مَنَاسِكَكُمِ

“Follow me in your hajj (the way to perform hajj or umra)”[2]

Nobody will obey these message without good understanding of tawheed. In spite, they will perform the hajj or umra as they please.

Perhaps somebody is wondering, why should we follow the prophet’s example? Why do not we make our own version?

We follows the prophet in the way of worship because he is the truly messenger of Allah; the one assigned to give glad tidings and threats of punishment. The refference to this could be founded in several surah such as Ali Imron verses 31 and 102 and Al-Ahzab verses 21 and 70-71. To obey the the prophet’s command means to obey the one who sent him, which is Allah. On the contrary, rebelling or abusing the prophet’s command is as derogatory to The One who sent him.

What about the hadith saying that differences is blessing? The phrase had been examined by the scholars of hadith such as Shaykh Nasir al-Din Al-Albani and they concluded that the words is not derived from the Prophet. So  it can’t be practiced, especially in the way of worship. Instead, Allah says in many verses that the dispute will invite destruction. We can find this in Al-Anfal verse 46, Ar-Rum verses 31-32, and Hud verses 118-119.

“The next thing we should consider in worship is sincerity. That we perform umra or any other worship with one intention; to seek Allah’s mercy.” I recalled, “It is paralel with the words Allahuma hadzihi umrotan laa riya’a fiyha wa laa sum’ah (O Allah, there is no intention to be seen in this umroh and no intention to be heard by anyone) we said earlier.”

“What is sum’ah?”  ask Doctor Keiko.

“Sum’ah means to be heard by someone else during the worship. It is a partner of riya’ which means to be seen by others. ”

It has become a duty for every human being to be sincere in worshiping Allah; solely to expect the blessings of Him. Did He not say in surah Al-Baqarah verse 265,

وَمَثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمُ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ وَتَثْبِيتًا مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ كَمَثَلِ جَنَّةٍ بِرَبْوَةٍ أَصَابَهَا وَابِلٌ فَآتَتْ أُكُلَهَا ضِعْفَيْنِ فَإِن لَّمْ يُصِبْهَا وَابِلٌ فَطَلٌّ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

“And the likeness of those who spend their substance, seeking to please Allah and to strengthen their souls, is as a garden, high and fertile: heavy rain falls on it but makes it yield a double increase of harvest, and if it does not receive heavy rain, light moisture suffices it. Allah sees well whatever you do.”

[1] Shahih. Narated by Ibnu Majah (2923), Ibnu Hibban (no. 974-Mawaariduz zham’aan), Al-Hakim (I/450) and Ahmad (V/192). Legalized by Al-Hakim and Syaikh Al-Albani in Silsilah Al-Haadits Ash-Shahiihah.

[2] Shahih. Narated by Muslim (no. 1297 {310})

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