Quba Mosque

Image: https://www.tripadvisor.ie/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g298551-d2649200-i237071220-Quba_Mosque-Medina_Al_Madinah_Province.html

We had a briefing about history and virtues of Quba mosque during the journey. The pilgrims seems enthusias, especially Mrs. Anis and Mr. Oni who sit on the front bench. As a senior doctor,  Mrs. Anis have criticall mind and never stop questions.  “Who is the mosque builder? “,” Is there any virtues on it? “,” What is the intention of praying there? ” i recalled.

During the journey to Madinah, the prophet and Abu Bakar stoped in Quba village and treated well by the inhabitants. They then built a mosque there which become the first mosque built during the hijrah (migration from Mecca to Medina). When the prophet arrived in Medina he let loose his camel until it sit in certain spot.  Then the companions begun the construction of of the Prophet’s mosque which is located where his camel stops. During the construction time, the prophet lived in the resident of Abu Ayyub Al-Anshori’s who later died in Constantinople.

When the construction finished the prophet lived in a house facing the mosque. Nevertheless, he did not forget the Quba Mosque and used to visit it every Saturday. Abdullah ibn ‘Umar bin Khattab narrated a hadith about this custom,

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَأْتِي مَسْجِدَ قُبَاءٍ كُلَّ سَبْتٍ، مَاشِيًا وَرَاكِبًا فَيُصَلِّي فِيْهِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ

“The Prophet peace be upon him used to came to the Quba Mosque every Saturday by foot or by riding. He then prayed two rakaat. (narated by Muslim)[1]

The Virtue

مَنْ تَطَهَّرَ فِي بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ أَتَى مَسْجِدَ قُبَاءَ، فَصَلَّى فِيهِ صَلَاةً، كَانَ لَهُ كَأَجْرِ عُمْرَةٍ

“Whoever purifies (by ablution or shower) in his house then comes to Quba Mosque, then he establishes the prayer there, so he gets the reward of umra.”[2]

About five minutes later we arrived at the Quba Mosque. When the door opened, an Arab with sunglasses asked, “Have you bought water and snacks yet?”

“Ask the muthowwif (local guide),” I pointing at Wahyudi who had just came down from the back door. I do not intend to be iresponsible, but one of muthowwif’s job is to provide consumption during city tour. If we take the initiative without coordination, they could be reprimanded by the superior.

We entered the mosque together while hundreds or more people went to the same direction. Here we have to be careful because a lot of buses arrive while the street is narrow.  Pilgrims, vendors, and buses gathered in the same space. Some pilgrims stop by to the fruit vendors made the journey to the entrance became difficult. It is difficult to turned dowen the brown dates and green  watermelons packed in small table, but first thing first. “O ladies, you can buy it later. Now pray first.”

We were stopped in a junction close to the mosque entrance to give Wahyudi time,”ladies and gentlement, this is our meeting point. We have an hour to pray and shop.” Our meeting point is a small courtyard decorated with palm trees located between mosque and the Exhibition Building.

We headed into the praying room of the white and four towered mosque. The entrance and exit are same so one have to be careful to avoid separated from the group. Wahyudi guided the male pilgrims while I guided the ladies to their entrance on the opposite side. As soon as the ladies affair done, i entered the mosque which Allah praised in surah At-Taubah’s verse 108,

لَا تَقُمْ فِيهِ أَبَدًا ۚ لَمَسْجِدٌ أُسِّسَ عَلَى التَّقْوَىٰ مِنْ أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ أَحَقُّ أَنْ تَقُومَ فِيهِ ۚ فِيهِ رِجَالٌ يُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَتَطَهَّرُوا ۚ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُطَّهِّرِينَ

You never stand forth therein. There is a mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety; it is more worthy of your standing forth (for prayer) therein. In it a men who love to be purified; and Allah loves those who make themselves pure.”

The mosque’s interior consists of two roofed buildings that are connected by a gray-floored terrace. Unlike the two prayer rooms, this terrace has no roof so sunlight or pigeons can enter easily. After praying I sat for a while watching people from different countries seek consult to Allah, pleading for various things or pleading for His forgiveness. Not a few who shed tears and not infrequently also busy do selfies. Cleaning service in blue uniform glanced with various gazes; there are those who expect alms and the others simply dislike ignorant people who disturb those were praying on the red comfortable carpet.

Bahasa Indonesia



[1] Shahih. (no. 1399 {516})

[2] Shahih. HR. Ibnu Majah (no. 1412) and the others.

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